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Issues, Strategies, Regulatory Concerns for Monitoring and Management of Water: Microplastics, Microorganisms and Emerging Pollutants

V. P. Sharma, Farheen Khan, Yashab Fatima, Sri Bharti


Water is regarded as a multi-purpose and eccentric resource as it performs plethora of vital functions essential for human body. Water pollution is responsible for contaminating drinking water sources, food moieties and causing adverse health implications. Access to clean and reliable water is imperative for ensuring healthy lifestyle and prevention of diseases with direct impact on economy and social life. A wide variety of emerging pollutants (viz. microplastics, Phthalates, BPA and analogues, PAHs, POPs etc.) creates a necessity for having quality assurance, proper framework for monitoring and management of water. With regard to this issue, strategies are aimed to minimize the toxicity associated with water and concentrate to achieve Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We need to focus on holistic way to recalibrate our understanding on the scientific aspects and feasibility with respect to tools and techniques, regulatory compliances requirements for industrial wastewater treatment plants. This plays an imperative role in revolutionizing the methodologies adopted to treat and manage ineluctable wastes flowing into countless water systems. Numerous microbial strategies have also been employed to ensure the effective treatment of wastewater in order to make it fit for desired applications in various sectors.

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