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A Comparative Investigation on Drinking Water Quality of Dams in Ranchi Area

Sweta Sinha, Ahmad Shah Jamil, Chetna Kumari


Physical, biological, and chemical aspects of water cause alterations in its quality, which are influenced by physical and environmental activity. The quality of water has a significant impact on public health. Unfortunately, more than a billion people in developing countries do not have access to adequate water supplies. According to the World Health Organization, up to 80% of all sickness and disease in the world is caused by poor sanitation and shortage of water. Due to rapid industrialisation and indiscriminate water usage, water has become a scarce resource in today's world. In reality, both the quality and amount of water available has decreased substantially. As a result, determining the quality of drinking water prior to its current use is important. Drinking contaminated water is hazardous to someone's health and can lead to a variety of ailments and problems. Dams generally govern water storage and supply in metropolitan areas, while downstream water treatment plants manage treatment. Hatia Dam, Kanke Dam, and Rukka Dam are the major three dams that provide water to the Ranchi city. The focus of this research is to analyse the quality of water in dams under standard circumstances and the quality of the same water after treatment at a drinking water treatment plant. The majority of the assessment is carried out using chemical techniques. The water's quality would then be compared to established drinking water standards. The quality of the supplied water, as well as the effectiveness of the water treatment facilities, are furthermore assessed.


Water, Water resource, Water quality, Water treatment, Pollution, Dam, Water Management system

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