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Assessment of Arsenic in Groundwater and Surface Water Sources of Gorakhpur District in Uttar Pradesh (India)

Shobhit Pathak, Dr Govind Pandey


This study was conducted in 19 blocks and 4 surface water of Gorakhpur district to assess the arsenic content. The study was carried out in the month of February-March, 2021. The result was compared with IS: 10500:2012 and WHO. The increased arsenic content in the water possess serious health issues in humans. The acute health issues being pigmentation on skin and damage to red blood cells. Prolonged exposure leads to liver and kidney cancer. This main focus of this paper is to review the arsenic content and water quality along with the reasons of arsenic contamination in these blocks. It also suggests the prevention methods that are taken and could be taken and also discuss the areas and the gaps that requires further attention in arsenic contamination control in Gorakhpur district. The test was carried out using Spectrophotometer method i.e. Silver Diethyldithiocarbamate (SDDC) method which is a laboratory instrument. This instrument has arsenic detection range from 0.001 to 0.020 ppm. In this method the inorganic arsenic was reduced to arsine by zinc in acid solution in an arsine generator. From this assessment it was found that Gorakhpur district is contaminated by arsenic. Measure step are required to remove this pollution.


Arsenic, Groundwater, Surface water, Contamination, Anthropogenic

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