Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Advancements in De-icing and Anti-icing Technologies used in Aircraft

Sri Sai P. Reddy, Amit Kulkarni


In today’s fast progressing world, there is an advent of technology in all spheres of life. One such area that has grown by leaps and bounds is that of aircraft technology and the systems involved in it. This paper focuses mainly on the technologies/systems used for De-icing and Anti-icing applications in aircrafts (specifically those with fixed wings), be it manned or unmanned (UAVs). Icing and frosting of wings are a common occurrence in aircraft when they reach high altitudes where the vapor condenses and solidifies on the aircraft’s wings/body as ice or frost. This hampers the aerodynamic capabilities of the aircraft and drastically reduces its performance. De-icing and Anti-icing systems are those which curb the formation of such ice and frost on the aircraft body. The systems reviewed in this paper are Mechanical vibration de-icing system, Electromagnetic Expulsion de-icing system (EEDS), Electro-Impulse De-icing system (EIDS), Electro-Expulsive Separation System (EESS), Electro-Mechanical De-icing System, Ultrasonic Deicing System and Shape Memory alloy de-Icing system (SMA). A majority of these systems are fully patented and are already being implemented whereas some of them are in their early stages and are to undergo large scale experimental testing and implementation thereafter. This paper outlines the advancements over the recent years and the working of these systems.


Full Text:



: National Research Council of Canada, (2015, September 23), Mechanical Vibration De-Icing System and Method,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Bai T., Zhu C., Miao B., et al. Vibration De-icing Method with Piezoelectric Actuators. JVE. 2015; Volume 17(1): 61-12p

,[4]: Joseph J. Gerardi, Richard B. Ingram, (2000, May 20), Electro-Magnetic Expulsion De-Icing System,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Simmonds Precision Products, (1987, July 07), Electro-Impulse De-Icing System for Aircraft,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, (1987, September 01), Electro-Expulsive Separation System,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Tim Wright, (2004, March), Electro-Mechanical Deicing,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Guided Wave, Ultrasonic De-Icing,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: FBS Inc., (2012, July 10), Ultrasonic Vibration System and Method for removing/avoiding unwanted build-up on Structures,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Goraj Z. An Overview of De-icing and Anti-icing Technologies with Prospects for the Future. Proceedings for the 24th Congress of International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences. 2004 August 29- September 3. Yokohama, Japan

Paper ICAS 2004-7.5.1 (I.L.)

: Richard B. Ingram, Joseph J. Gerardi, (1997, November 11), Shape Memory Alloy De-Icing System,, (Accessed 2020, August 17)

: Liu X., Xing Y., Zhao L., (2018), Study of Shape Memory Alloy De-Icing Device for Non-Rotating Components of Aircraft, IOP Conference Series: Material Science and Engineering. 2018; Volume 394(3).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

eISSN: 2231-038X