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A Review: A Source of Industrially Important Enzymes from Marine Actinomycetes

Vaddadi Suman, Thumma Leena, N.M. Yugandhar


Actinomycetes are Gram-positive, spore-forming, filamentous actinobacteria which usually contain G+C content of about 57–75% in their DNA. Actinomycetes are considered as a unique group of a microorganism having the characters of the true bacteria and the true fungi. Actinomycetes that have been detected from extreme conditions are considered to be sources of new enzymes of great industrial potential. They produce valuable secondary metabolites and industrially significant enzymes like pectinase, amylase, lipase, protease, cellulase, xylanase, chitinase, keratinase and gelatinase. About 22,000 bioactive compounds were produced by microbes, among these 9%, 20%, and 70% were isolated from unicellular bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes respectively. This review aims to summarise the applications of both intracellular and extracellular enzymes of actinomycetes in various industries such as textiles, food, pulp and paper, agriculture, biorefineries, detergent, and pharmaceuticals.


Actinomycetes, Enzymes, Bioactive compounds and Applications

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