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Cotton Diseases (verticillium dahlia) and Its Solutions by Using Different Techniques

Shahid Nadeem, Muhammad Hassan, Sana Fazil, Sherza Dayal, Rizwan Ahmed, Shafiq ur Rehman Zia, Ali Haider, Umair Waqas


Cotton is imperative economically crop for diverse countries and play critical role in economy of any countries. Cotton is threatened by frequent reasons like pests and pathogen disease and preventing the plant growth. Cotton is implanting all over the world, like in central and eastern Asia, southern United States, West Africa, Brazil, India, China, and Australia, which is a cotton fiber exporter. India, China, Pakistan, and USA, which is a great cotton producer. Pest comprise fungus (verticillium dahlia), which caused soil intrinsic vascular infection called Verticillium wilt, which consequence the fractional of cotton planting zones and diminution the yield of cotton. There are numerous technique and methods are used to solve the problems or get rid of diseases, which effect the cotton plant. Processes of monitoring pest and disease in cotton typically contain pesticides broadcast, environmental controller, natural regulator and artificial deceptive, and pesticides also used for control the pest and pathogen. There are three traditions used to acclimate the genetic material: pollen tube pathway, bioplastic particle transfer, and agrobacterium altered genetic transformation. Nanotechnology is used to resolve the agriculture glitches like plant hormones, seed nascent, water handling, and transmission of boarding genetic factor, nano barcoding, nano sensors, and control release of agrichemicals. Nanotechnology used as protectants, transporters for insecticide, fungicide, herbicide, double shipwrecked RNA for RNA intrusive intervened defense. The control of these diseases is chief challenges for all over the world. Controller pest and disease is serious to growing cotton which recover extra 900,000 tons yearly cottons by diseases and pests controller.

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