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Petrographic Study of Basalt from Adi hill, Nipani, Belgaum District, Karnataka, India

Yogita Abhijit Patil, Abhijit J. Patil, Shobha Teli


Adi is a rural region in India's Karnataka state's Belgaum district. The Co-ordinates are 16.4962° N and 74.3727° E. The area is underlain by basaltic lava flows, known as Deccan Trap. Plagioclase and pyroxene make up the majority of the fine-grained volcanic rock known as basalt, which also contains biotite, olivine, and quartz. Basalt is composed of calcic plagioclase and pyroxene. Plagioclase is seen in the form of laths. Common pyroxene found in basalts is augite. Along with this modal analysis of these rock samples has been carried out. From this it is evident that plagioclase is most abundant mineral followed by augite. Iron oxide and glassy material is also present in considerable amount followed by biotite. Olivine has been found exceptionally. Basalt samples from different flows show different textures, like porphyritic, intergranular and sub ophitic. Laterite covers the uppermost basaltic flow. The flows are equivalent to Panhala Formations of Wai Subgroup.

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