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A Review on the Performance of the Phase Change Material on the Solar Energy Collector Devices

Jyoti Rani, Kriti Srivastava


Energy is the basic need for all developing countries and India is also a developing country. Energy
is central to performing the interrelated economic, social aim of human development. Solar energy is
a rapid growing technology and have gained a lot of attention because it is renewable source of
energy and is available in abundance in India. Due to over exploitation of fossil fuel soon there will
be its scarcity. This will not only save the fuel but also reduce the pollution. So, it is very important to
switch towards renewable source of energy. Phase change material is the material that is utilized to
store the solar energy for long time and that can be used at night or during rainy and cloudy days.
This paper discussed the performance of the phase change material if used in solar water heater/solar
air heater. The phase change material is used in the thermal energy storage device the performance
of the storage is increased and the exergy is also increased. The limitation of the solar energy
collector devices is changing after used phase change material (PCM). Analyzed that if PCM is used
the supply temperature is not suddenly down it slowly gets down and supply hot water for a long time.
In general, solar energy collector devices or solar water heater gives hot water up to 4 PM but after
using PCM the efficiency of the solar water heater is increased, time of collect hot water is increased
and we can get hot water even after sunset.


Solar energy, renewable energy phase change material, solar air heater, solar water heater

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