Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Experimental Performance Analysis and Temperature Distribution of Automobile Radiator Using Nano Fluids

Vishal Kumar, Kundan Gupta, Krishna Dutta Pandey


Internal combustion engine always needs to be maintained at the working temperature for good performance. The excessive generation of temperature affects the performance and reduces the efficiency of the engine. In order to remove the excess temperature, we need some cooling system in the automobile like, 1. Air cooling system and 2. Water cooling system. Air cooling system is used in two-wheelers and aero planes. The air takes heat from surface of the engine through the fins available on them. In water cooling system, water jacket is provided around the engine which carries the heat of engine and releases this heat to atmosphere with the help of component called radiator. In the present work, experiment has been done trying to copy the condition of automobile and thermal performance of radiator has been done using nanofluids of Al2O3 and CuO. Water is also taken to compare the performance of the nanofluids. Results of the experiment are compared with the software results. Modelling is done in V5R21 software and for analysis purpose, ANSYS CFD solver is used. It is found that when nanoparticles are mixed with water, the cooling capacity increases. Between the two types of nanofluids used in the experiment, nanofluid of Al2O3 is better coolant as compared to that of CuO. About 30% heat transfer enhancement is achieved with addition of 1% Al2O3 particles and about 20% heat transfer enhancement is achieved with addition of 1% CuO particles.


Radiator, flow rate, temperature variation, nanofluid, experimental analysis

Full Text:



Leonga KY, Saidura R, Kazi SN, et al. Performance Investigation of an Automotive Car Radiator Operated with Nano fluid-Based Coolants (Nano fluid as a Coolant in a Radiator). Appl Therm Eng. 2010; 30(17-18): 2685-2692p.

Sarkar J, Tirkey JV, Rahul Tarodiya. Performance of Flat Fin Tube Automotive Radiator Using Nano Fluids as Coolants. Proceedings of National Conference on ETME 2012, Department of ME & AE, ITM University, Gurgaon, India. 2012; 422-429p.

Sorathiya AS, Rathod PP, Bhimani VL. Experimental Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Water Based Nano Fluids as a New Coolant for Car Radiators. Int J Emerging Technol Adv Eng. 2013; 3(6): 295-302p.

Kannan C, Vinoth M, Raja Jayasingh T, et al. An Experimental Study on the Influence of Operating Parameters on the Heat Transfer Characteristics of an Automotive Radiator with Nano Fluids. IJRTME. 2014; 2(3): 7-11p. ISSN: 2347-7326.

Kothawal BS, Bhogare Rahul A. Performance Investigation of Automobile Radiator Operated with Al2O3 Based Nano Fluid. IOSR-JMCE. 2014; 11(3): Ver. V, 23-30p. e-ISSN: 2278-1684, p-ISSN: 2320-334X.

Ravi Adwani, Shri Krishna Choudhary. Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Rate in Automobile Radiator Using Nano Fluid. IJISET. 2014; 1(6): 67-70p.

Ahmed Saieed, Hafiz Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Danish, et al. Heat Transfer Enhancement of Car Radiator Using Aqua Based Magnesium Oxide Nano Fluids. Therm Sci. 2015; 19(6): 2039-2048p.

Siraj Ali Ahmed, Tayfun Menlikb, Mehmet Ozkaymak, et al. Improving Car Radiator Performance by Using TiO2-Water Nanofluid. Eng Sci Technol Int J. 2018; 21(5): 996–1005p.

Hassaan Ahmad, Tasueef Aized Khan. CFD-Based Comparative Performance Analysis of Different Nano fluids Used in Automobile Radiators. Arabian Journal for Science and Eng. 2019;44:5787-5799.

Prabhat Chaurasia, Praveen Kumar Rai, Virendra Kumar, et al. Heat Transfer Augmentation in Automobile Radiator

Using Al2O3–Water Based Nano Fluid. SN Applied Sciences. 2019: 1-7p.

Chandra Sekhara Reddy M. Enhancement of Heat Transfer Coefficient in an Automobile Radiator Using Ethylene Glycol Water Based ZnO Nano Fluids: An Experimental Investigation. IJRTE. 2019; 7(ICETESM): 117-120p. ISSN: 2277-3878.

Afshin Ahmadi Nadooshan, Hasan Kianiand. Thermal Performance Enhancement of Automobile Radiator Using Water CuO Nano Fluid: An Experimental Study. Energy Equip Syst. 2019; 7(3): 235-248p.

Nitin Mahay, Yadav RK. An Experimental Investigation into Heat Transfer Characteristics of Aqua Based Cu Nano Fluid for Automobile Radiator. IOP Conf. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Series 1240 012043. 2019; 1-8p.

Siraj Ali Ahmed, Tayfun Menlikb, Mehmet Ozkaymak, et al. Improving Car Radiator Performance by Using TiO2-Water Nanofluid. Eng Sci Technol Int J. 2018;21(5): 996–1005p.

John Shiand, Selvamuthukumaran M. Recent Advances in Extraction of Antioxidants from Plant By-Products Processing Industries. Food Quality and Safety (FQS). 2017; 1(1): 61–81p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.