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Vapor Compression Refrigeration System

Mohit Garg


Refrigeration has been achieved in a variety of methods throughout history, but due to their efficiency and

durability, vapor-compression refrigeration systems (VCRS) have become the favored option. A vapor-
compression refrigeration system, in essence, is a system that uses liquid refrigerant in a closed system

that circulates it through four stages of compression and expansion, transforming it from liquid to vapor.
As a result of this change, heat is either absorbed or ejected by the system, causing a temperature change
in the surrounding air passing through the unit's components. This cycle is used to cool nearly all of the
refrigeration systems we use today. A vapor-compression refrigeration system is useful in the chemical
process industry (CPI) because it can cover a wide range of heating and cooling target temperatures by
adjusting pressure, as well as lowering process temperatures considerably below ambient. An ethylene

plant typically uses a cascade refrigeration system because it is one of the most sophisticated and energy-
intensive operations in the CPI (CRS). Each component in a CRS has its own refrigeration cycle, which

consists of numerous temperature/pressure levels. One of the various refrigeration cycles, vapor-
compression refrigeration, or vapor-compression refrigeration system (VCRS), in which the refrigerant

go through the phase shifts, is the most extensively used method for air-conditioning buildings and
automobiles. It's also utilized in freezers, large-scale warehouses for chilled or frozen food and meat
storage, refrigerated trucks and railroad coaches, and a variety of other commercial and industrial
services. Among the various types of industrial operations that use big vapor-compression refrigeration
systems are oil refineries, petrochemical and chemical processing plants, and natural gas processing
plants. Two compressors can also be used in cascade refrigeration systems.


refrigeration cycle, vapor-compression, heating and cooling temperature, cascade refrigeration system, air-conditioning.

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