Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Morphological and Optical Properties of Pure and Doped ZnS Nanoparticles: A Review

N. Vishwakarma, K. K. Kushwaha, V. Saxena, K. Khare


In this article, authors have discussed that, how doping of different materials affects the photoluminescence property of ZnS nanoparticles. Structural properties of these doped ZnS nanoparticles have been analysed by X-ray diffraction, which shows the diameter of the particles. The unique luminescence properties, such as the strength (its intensity is about 12 times that of ZnS nanoparticles) and stability of the visible-light emission were observed from doped ZnS nanoparticles. However, doping shifts the luminescence in the case of co-doping. The optical properties of these doped ZnS nanoparticles were determined by UV-visible and PL (photoluminescence) analysis. Doping also results in a blue shift on the excitation wavelength. In case of diffidently doped ZnS nanoparticles, different blue shifts are observed.


Keywords: Nanoparticles, photoluminescence, doping 

Full Text:



Kushwaha Kamal, Gautam N, Singh P, et al. Synthesis and Photoluminescence of CdSe/PVA Nanocomposites. IOP Publishing, J Phys: Conference Series. 2012; 365(1): 012 014p.

Bodke M, Khawal H, Gawai U, et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Chromium Doped Zinc Sulfied Nanoparticles. Open Access Library Journal. 2015; 2(5): 8p.

Choudhury R, Bordaloi S. Structural and Optical Characterisation of Undoped and Doped ZnS (with Al & Ni) Nano Particles. IJASER. 2014; 3(3): 712–722p.

Mukherjee A, Mitra P. Characterization of Sn doped ZnS Thin Films Synthesized by CBD. Mater Res. 2016; 1-6p.

Peng WQ, Cong GW, Qu SC, et al. Synthesis and Photoluminescence of ZnS:Cu Nanoparticles. Opt Mater, Science Direct. 2006; 29(2–3): 313–317p.

Kushwaha KK, Vishwakarma N, Choudhary Y, et al. Doping of Metal Precursors on Cadnium Selenide Quantum Dots: A Review. Journal of Nanoscience Nanoengineering & Application (JoNSNEA). 2017; 7(3): 1–4p

Sridevi D, Rajendran KV. Enhanced Photoluminescence of ZnS Nanoparticles Doped with Transition and Rare Earth Metallic Ions. Chalcogenide Lett. 2010; 7(6): 397–401p.

Reddy BK, Jayasankar CK. Chemical Synthesis and Characterization of Cu Doped ZnS Nanoparticles. ResearchGate. 2008; 10.1063.

Amandeep. Synthesis, Morphological & Optical Characterization of Pure and Cu Doped ZnS Nanocrystals. American International Journal of Research in Formal, Applied & Natural Sciences (AIJRFANS). 2015; 39–44p.

Reddy BH, Harish GK, Reddy PS. Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Ni doped ZnS Nanoparticles. International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering (IJSTE). 2016; 2(11): 216–220p.

Bodo B, Prakash D, Kalita PK. Synthesis and Characterization of ZnS: Mn Nanoparticles. International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics (IJAPM). 2012; 2(3): 181–183p.

Murugadoss G, Rajamannan B, Ramasamy V, et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Mn2+ -Doped ZnS Luminescent Nanocrystals. J Ovonic Res. 2009; 5(4): 107–116p.

Rema Devi BS, Raveendran R, Vaidyan AV. Synthesis and Characterization of Mn2+ Doped ZnS Nanoparticles. PRAMANA J Phys. 2007; 68(4): 679–687p.

Sivakumar P, Gaurav Kumar GK, Sivakumar P, et al. Synthesis and Characterization of ZnS-Ag Nanoballs and its Application in Photocatalytic Dye Degradation Under Visible Light. J Nanostruct Chem. 2014; 4: 107p.

Kimi M, Yuliati L, Shamsuddin M. Preparation of High Activity Ga and Cu Doped ZnS by Hydrothermal Method for Hydrogen Production under Visible Light Irradiation. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, J Nanomater. 2015; 15: 1–9p.

Murugadoss G, Rajesh Kumar M. Synthesis and Optical Properties of Monodispersed Ni2+-Doped ZnS Nanoparticles. Appl Nanosci. 2014; 4: 67–75p.

Wanjala KS, Njoroge WK, Ngaruiya JM. Optical and Electrical Characterization of ZnS:Sn Thin Films for Solar Cell Application. International Journal of Energy Engineering (IJEE). 2016; 6(1): 1–7p.

Sharma RK, Anil Kumar, Gautam S, et al. Synthesis and Characterization of Cobalt Doped ZnS Nanoparticles. Integr Res Adv. 2016; 3(1): 26–29p.

Horoz S, Yakami B, Poudyal U, et al. Controlled Synthesis of Eu2+ and Eu3+ Doped ZnS Quantum Dots and Their Photovoltaic and Magnetic Properties. American Institute of Physics (AIP). 2016; 6(4): 045119-1-7p.

Ahemen I, Amah AN, Attah Daniel BE, et al. Spherical Nanoparticles of Eu3+-doped ZnS Semiconductor Synthesized from ZnO Nanorods Precursor. Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2014; 4(1): 7–15p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.