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Studies on Phytochemical analysis of Citrus sinensis

Akshaya Prakash, Raxit Tyagi, Chinta Koteswara Rao, Sandeep sirohi, Surya Prakash D.V


Citrus sinensis, also known as sweet orange, is an extensively grown fruit with extensive nutritional and medicinal significance. The present study focussed on the phytochemical analysis of C. sinensis, aiming to identify and quantify the bioactive compounds present in its various plant parts. The investigation encompassed the extraction, isolation, and characterization of secondary metabolites, including flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolic compounds, and essential oils. The research employed a combination of classical and modern analytical techniques such as chromatography, spectrophotometry and nuclear magnetic resonance to elucidate the chemical composition of C. sinensis. The obtained results contributed valuable insights into the qualitative and quantitative variations of phytochemicals across different plant tissues, developmental stages, and environmental conditions. Furthermore, the potential pharmacological activities of the identified compounds were explored, shedding light on the therapeutic properties of C. sinensis. These bioactive constituents have been reported to exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer properties, among others. The findings from the present study not only enhanced our understanding of the chemical diversity within C. sinensis but also underscored its pharmacological relevance for the evolution of therapy against various disorders. In conclusion, the comprehensive phytochemical analysis of C. sinensis presented in this study has its unique medicinal applications and opens avenues for harnessing its bioactive compounds for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical purposes. The integration of traditional knowledge with modern analytical tools contributes to the sustainable utilization of this valuable plant resource for human health and well-being.


Citrus sinensis, Phytochemicals, Extraction, Solvent, Partition coefficient.

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