Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

The Pharmacological Importance of Quercus incana: A Review

Juveriya Naaz, Mariyam Roqaiya, K.M. Hina Fatima, Shagufta Anwar, Nikhat Inamdar


Baloot or Quercus incana, commonly known as blue jack oak or cinnamon oak, a large evergreen tree, belongs to genus Quercus, largest genus of family Fagaceae, approximately 900 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of Asia as well as temperate zones of Northern Hemisphere The genus Quercus have long been considered among the clades of woody angiosperms in terms of species diversity, horticulture merit and ecological dominance, industrial and economic values. Every part of this plant fruits, bark has medicinal properties. It works on different system of body. Four compounds namely cirsimaritin, eupatorin, betulin, and b-amyrin acetate has been isolated from the leaves extract of Quercus incana which are pharmacologically very active and possess great medicinal properties such as Antibacterial activity, Antifungal activity, Antioxidant activity, Anxiolytic activity, Antidepressant activity, Anti-nociceptive activity, Apoptotic activity, Anti-inflammatory activity, Analgesic activity, Anti-gastrointestinal motility activity. In vivo and In vitro Studies based pharmacological properties are reviewed here further human and animal study is needed to explore the properties of Quercus for improvement of quality of life.


Baloot, Quercus incana, pharmacological properties, quality of life, Antidepressant activity.

Full Text:



Gul F, Khan MK, Adhikari A, Zafar S, Akram M, Khan H, et al. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of a new metabolite from Quercus incana. Natural Product Research 2017; 31(16): 1909-1909.

Zehra B, Ahmed A, Sarwar R, Ajmal K, Farooq U, Ali SA, et al. Apoptotic and antimetastatic activities of botulin isolated from Quercus incana against non-small cell lung cancer cells. Cancer Management and Research 2019:11: 1667-1683.

Sarwar R, Farooq U, Naz S, Khan A, Bukhari SM, Khan H, et al. Isolation and Characterization of Two New Secondary Metabolites from Quercus incana and Their Antidepressant- and Anxiolytic-Like Potential. Frontiers in Pharmacology.2018;9(298): 1-9.

Shah ST, Ahmad H, Zamir R. Pollen Morphology of Three Species of Quercus (Family Fagaceae). Journal of Agriculture & Social Sciences. 2005; 1(4): 359-360. accessed on 20 march 2019.

Sher H, Elyemeni M, Hussain K, Sher H. Ethnobotanical and Economic Observations of Some Plant Resources from the Northern Parts of Pakistan. Ethnobotany Research & Applications.2011; 9: 27-41.

Hassan UH, Murad W, Ahmad N, Tariq A, K Ikramullah, A Naveed, et al. Indigenous Uses of The Plants of Malakand Valley, District Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. 2015; Pakistan Journal of Weed Science Research,2015; 21(1): 83-99.

Sher H, Hussain F. Ethnobotanical evaluation of some plant resources in Northern part of Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2009; 8(17): 4066-4076.

Bahuguna A, Phondani PC, Negi VS, Rawat LS, Maikhuri RK, Joshi PC, et al. Floristic Diversity and Indigenous Uses of Forest Vegetation of Dabka Watershed in Indian Central Himalaya. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 2010; 14: 491-510.

Ibn baitar. Jamiul mufradat al Advia wa Aghzia. Vol 1. Delhi: CCRUM; YNM: 277- 279.

Sarwar R, Farooq U, Naz S, Riaz N, Bukhari SM, Rauf A, et al. Isolation and Characterization of Two 11. New Antimicrobial Acids from Quercus incana (Bluejack Oak). Hindawi BioMed Research International 2018;

Ghani HN. Khazainul Advia. 2nd Edition. New Delhi: Idarae Kitab ul Shifa; 2008: 388,389,811,812,1069,1070,1229,1230.

Kabeeruddin H. Maghzinul Mufaridat. New Delhi: Ayjaz publishing house; YNM: 134,135.

Ali SHS. Unani Advia Mufrida. 9th Edition. New Delhi: Quami Council Barae Urdu Zaban; 2002: 80,232,233.

Kabeeruddin H. Ilmul Advia Nafisi. New Delhi: Ayjaz publishing house; 2007: 95,337,338.

Rushd MWA. Kitabul Kulliyat . New Delhi: CCRUM; 1987: 274,292.

Tabri AAS. Firdaus-al-Hikmat (Urdu translation by Sambhali HMAS). New Delhi: Idara Kitab al Shifa; 2010: 243-244,363.

Sarwar R, Farooq U, Khan A, Naz S, Khan S, Khan A, et al. Evaluation of Antioxidant, Free Radical Scavenging, and Antimicrobial Activity of Quercus incana Roxb. Frontiers in Pharmacology 2015; 6 (277): 1-7.

Saeed M, Gul F, Zakiullah, Gilani SN, Rehman UY, Khan I, et al. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory properties of methanol fruit extract of Quercus incana in rat and mice models. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research August 2016; 15 (8): 1691- 1696.

Sarwar R, Farooq U, Shah RM, Khan S, Riaz N, Naz S, et al. Rapid Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles from Quercus incana and Their Antimicrobial Potential against Human Pathogens. Applied science 2017; 7(29): 1-12.

Sarwar MG, Ibrar M, Barkatullah, Muhammed N, Siraj-ud-din, Rauf Abdur. Evaluation of Crude Ethanolic Extract of Qurcus incana Fruit for Analgesic and Gastrointestinal Motility Profile. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2013; 13(4): 455-458.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Research & Reviews: A Journal of Biotechnology