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Nanotechnology use in Defense: Military

Ishika Govil


Nanotechnology, according to scientists, could soon enable humans to manipulate and combine individual atoms and molecules into microscopically tiny mechanical, electrical, and biological “machines” that will replace many of today’s industrial processes and equipment. Even though most present research is focused on materials, optics, and electronics, nanotechnology will eventually find uses across society. However, it is expected that nanotechnology (NT) would bring revolutionary advances in many domains, with both huge advantages and considerable threats. Military developments may include distinct threats, the control of which will need specialized research and effort. Military research and development in NT are fast developing. Future applications might be used in any aspect of combat. New biological weapons and microrobots may pose unique threats to arms control and stability. More study is needed to determine the best method to prevent such hazards. Several principles for limits and restrictions are proposed for the short and medium term. Transparency and international collaboration should be strengthened as a first step.


Military applications, nanodevices, nanoelectronics, nanomaterials, nanotechnology, smart weapons

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