Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Assessment of the Potential of Permeable Concrete using Blast Furnace Slag in Treating the Highway Side Storm Water

Anubhav Uniyal, Siby John


Storm water from highway side contains organic and inorganic pollutants including significant amount of heavy metals which need to be treated before the storm water is let into the natural water bodies. In this study, the potential of pervious concrete using blast furnace slag was assessed for pollutants removal from the highway side storm water. Removal efficiencies in respect of nitrate, phosphate, chemical oxygen demand (COD), TSS, lead, chromium, nickel and copper were assessed. The results showed that the pervious concrete could remove 71%, 87% and 98% of nitrate, total suspended solids and oil and grease, respectively. Heavy metal removal efficiencies varied from 68% - 89% and the order of removal was observed to be Pb > Cr > Cu > Ni. After the treatment through the pervious concrete filter all the parameters were within the permissible limit for discharge into natural water bodies. The pervious concrete containing blast furnace slag could be effectively used in urban areas to reduce surface and ground water pollution due to storm water.


highway side storm water, water pollution, pervious concrete, blast furnace slag

Full Text:



Chandrappa, A.K. and Biligiri, K.P. Pervious concrete as a sustainable pavement material–Research findings and future prospects: A state-of-the-art review. Const. & Build. Mat. 2016; 111: 262-74p.

Fam, S., Stenstrom, M.K. and Silverman, G. Hydrocarbons in urban runoff. J Environ Eng. 1987; 113(5): 1032-46p.

Gunderson, L.H., Clevenger, A.P., Cooper, A.T., Samet, J.M., Alvarez, R., Balbus, J.M., Njord, J.R., Meyer, M.D. and Skinner, R.E. Assessing and managing the ecological impacts of paved roads. Washington, DC: The National Academy Press; 2005.

Hallberg, M. and Renman, G. Removal of heavy metals from road runoff by filtration in granular slag columns. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage; 2008, Edinburg, Scotland, UK.

Haselbach, L., Poor, C. and Tilson, J. Dissolved zinc and copper retention from stormwater runoff in ordinary portland cement pervious concrete. Const. & Build. Mat. 2014; 53: 652-57p.

Khatun, A., Bhattacharyya, K.G. and Sarma, H.P. Variability of pollutant build-up parameters in different land uses of Guwahati City, Assam, India. Arch. of Appl. Sci. Res. 2014; 6 (5): 96-100p.

Lee, M.G., Tia, M., Chuang, S.H., Huang, Y. and Chiang, C.L. Pollution and purification study of the pervious concrete pavement material. J MATER CIVIL ENG. 2013; 26(8): 45-62p.

Myers, B., Beecham, S. and Van Leeuwen, J.A. Water quality with storage in permeable pavement base course. In Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers-Water Management. 2011; 164(7): 361-72p.

Pratt, C.J., Newman, A.P. and Bond, P.C. Mineral oil bio-degradation within a permeable pavement: long term observations. Wat Sci Tech. 1999; 39(2): 103-9p.

Radlińska, A., Welker, A., Greising, K., Campbell, B. and Littlewood, D. Long-term field performance of pervious concrete pavement. Adv. in Civil Engg. 2012.

Sood, S., Sood, V. and John, S. Assessment of Pollution Potential of First Flush Runoff from an Urban Roadway. IUP J Environ Sci. 2010; 4(4).

Tota‐Maharaj, K. and Scholz, M. Efficiency of permeable pavement systems for the removal of urban runoff pollutants under varying environmental conditions. Environ Prog Sustain Energy. 2010; 29(3): 358-69p.

Wilson, P.J. Pollution from highway runoff: the Highways Agency approach. SCI LECTURE PAPERS SERIES. 1999; St Christopher House, Southwark Street, London, SE1 0TE: Highways Agency; 1999.


  • There are currently no refbacks.